Sunday, October 24, 2010

2030kHz XTAL

Browsing one of the regional electronic (online) shops, I found a 2030kHz crystal, which would be perfect for a couple of projects. The order seems a little odd, however, the order reflects the difficulty of the different projects, the further down, the more difficult to realize.

600m I/Q-SDR
For the typical SDR, one could simply feed this signal into two Flip Flops, resulting in an SDR LO of 507.5kHz.
With a minimum sampling rate of 24kbps, a range from 495.5kHz to 519.5kHz would be covered. This is in particular interesting since 518kHz, the international NAVTEX frequency falls into this range.

2200m I/Q-SDR
Taking one of the two 507.5kHz signal and feed it into two further Flip Flops would provide an SDR-LO of 126.875kHz, which would provide a frequency range of 114.875kHz to 138.875kHz, covering the 136kHz amateur radio band.

40m QRP Superhet
As non SDR use of the crystal, a more classical approach is in reach: a 2030kHz (super-)VXO and a 5000kHz crystal filter coincides nicely with the 40m QRP frequency. The 2030kHz crystal could additionally penned down (see earlier post about xtal-penning) to cover lower frequencies in the 40m CW section.

20m QRP Superhet
Also the 20m QRP frequency is easily covered. The trick here, a 2030kHz (super-)VXO as LO for a subharmonic mixer, which per se doubles the LO-frequency. Hence, the effective LO-frequency would be 4060kHz. In such a concept, it would be somewhat obvious to use a 10MHz crystal filter.

10m QRP Superhet
Similar to the 20m concept, a subharmonic mixer would be required. As intermediate frequency, 24.000MHz would be obvious. However, watch out for the correct crystals for the filter! Most crystal will be overtone crystals, for a cheap filter we would need fundamental frequency crystals, and yes, they do exist for 24.000MHz.

40m LSB Superhet
Here is a simple one. The sum of 2030kHz and 5068.8kHz results in 7098.8kHz. I would propose to build a full-lattice filter with two original and two penned down 2030kHz crystals. As LO a super-VXO using 5068.8kHz crystals would an obvious choice. Additional options would be a 5120kHz VXO (getting us to 7150kHz), a 9216kHz VXO (9216-2030=7186), or, for some of us, a 5200kHz VXO (7230kHz).

80m LSB Superhet
This could be a tricky one. I would, once again, propose to build a full-lattice filter with two original and two penned down 2030kHz crystals. A conceivable could employ a 5.74MHz ceramic resonator. Subtractive mixing would provide a range, depending how far one pulls the VFO, of a couple of 10kHz about 3710kHz.

There may be more uses of this crystal, feel free to add comments with additional ideas!